The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Species Survival Commission (SSC) re-formed its Butterfly Specialist Group in 2010. The group developed an online survey to assess current conservation projects as well as global research and conservation needs for butterflies in order to determine potential conservation actions. The results of the survey provided contact information for globally active butterfly researchers and conservationists, home countries as well as countries where participants work, names of organizations and types of projects in which the participants are currently involved, and the major butterfly conservation needs and opportunities within the participants’ regions. A summary of the analyzed results is below.

You can find the full report here.

The survey will remain open to continue to gather information about new butterfly conservation projects and the individuals involved in those efforts. Click here to take the survey.

Summary of Results


Butterfly experts and conservationists who completed the entire survey:

161 respondents


Geographical range of participants:

39 different countries


The greatest number of respondents are from: USA (37%), UK (9%), Brazil (7%), and Canada (4%)



Geographical Range

of respondent’s butterfly conservation and research projects:

92 different countries.

Many participants reported working in multiple countries.


Participants' Professional and/or Amateur Affiliations:

  • Universities: 36%
  • NGOs: 19%
  • Citizen scientists: 17%
  • Museums/Botanical Gardens: 13%
  • Government agencies: 8%
  • Research centers: 5%
  • Private sector: 3%


Butterfly Conservation and Research Projects of Participants

  • Butterfly/vegetation inventories, surveys, assessments, monitoring, or inventory databases: 60%
  • Butterfly related research: 58%
  • Conservation planning: 19%
  • Land management or restoration: 14%
  • Environmental education and training: 12%
  • Butterfly taxonomy: 7%
  • Red listing of rare butterfly species with IUCN: 6%
  • Butterfly gardening: 4%
  • Reintroduction or relocation of rare butterfly species: 2%
  • Policy: 2%
  • Economic activities related to butterflies: 2%

(Respondents were allowed to identify multiple needs)


Years of Butterfly Conservation Experience

  • 40% of respondents have 20+ years' experience
  • Another 25% of respondents have 5 to 10 years' experience


Butterfly Conservation Needs and Concerns

  • Habitat protection and management: 60%
  • Butterfly inventories and monitoring: 44%
  • Research as a butterfly conservation need or concern: 36%
  • Environmental education: 14%
  • Governmental protection and regulation of rare butterflies: 9%
  • Sustainable economic uses for butterflies: 5%
  • Pesticides, herbicides, and genetically modified species: 5%
  • Sustainable landscaping in urban areas: 5%
  • Invasive species: 4%

(Respondents were allowed to identify multiple needs)


For more information, download the full report here.